Ujung Kulon National Park Indonesia

Ujung Kulon National Park is representative tropical rainforest ecosystem remaining lowland and widest BANTEN, and is an ideal habitat for the survival of endangered Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) and other rare animals. There are three types of ecosystems in national parks are marine, coastal and terrestrial ecosystems.

Plant and animal diversity in the Ujung Kulon National Park began to be known by researchers, botanists Netherlands and the United Kingdom since 1820.

Approximately 700 species of plants are well protected and 57 rare species such as; merbau (Intsia bijuga), palahlar (Dipterocarpus Haseltii), bungur (Lagerstroemiaspeciosa), luminous (Pterospermum diversifolium), ki rain (Engelhardia serrata) and various types of orchids.

Creatures in Ujung Kulon National Park consists of 35 species of mammals, five species of primates, 59 species of reptiles, 22 species of amphibians, 240 species of birds, 72 species of insects, 142 species of fish and 33 species of coral. Endangered and protected animals in addition to the Javan rhinoceros is the banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus), ajag (Cuon alpinus javanicus), Javan (Presbytis comata comata), monkey (Trachypithecus auratus auratus), deer (Cervus timorensis Russa), leopard (Panthera pardus), stone cat (Prionailurus bengalensis javanensis), gibbon (Hylobates moloch), and giant clams (Tridacna gigas).

Ujung Kulon National Park is a natural attractions of interest, with the beauty of the various forms of natural phenomena such as rivers with jeramnya, waterfalls, white sand beaches, hot springs, marine parks and cultural heritage / history (Arca Ganesha, in Mt. mercury Panaitan Island). They are all natural charm that is very interesting to visit and hard to find elsewhere.
The types of fish that is interesting in Ujung Kulon National Park both living in the sea and rivers such as butterfly fish, clown, angel, lions, cockatoos, glodok and chopsticks. Fish glodok and fish chopsticks are two types of fish that is very strange and unique is the fish glodok has the ability to climb up trees, while the archer fish can spit water up to a height of more than one meter to catch its prey (small insects) in i leaves branches protrude above the water surface.

Ujung Kulon National Park along the Krakatau Nature Reserve is a national asset, and has been designated a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991.To improve the management of Ujung Kulon National Park as a World Natural Heritage Site, UNESCO has provided financial support and technical assistance.

Communities living around the national park is famous Banten tribe with debusnya art. The community of followers of Islam, but they still retain the habits, traditions and culture of their ancestors.

In the national park, there are places that are sacred to the interests of different religious beliefs. The most famous as a pilgrimage destination is the cave Sanghiang Sirah, which is located on the western tip of the peninsula of Ujung Kulon.

Some locations / attractions to visit:Tamanjaya and Cibiuk. The main entrance to the facility, information center, guest house, dock, hot springs.
Kalejetan beaches, coral beds, Cibandawoh. The phenomenon of the southern ocean waves and sandy beaches thick, plant and animal observation.Peucang Island. The white sand beaches, coral reefs, clear blue sea waters that are ideal for swimming, diving, fishing, snorkelling, and plant and animal observation deer in their natural habitat.
Karang Copong, Citerjun, Cidaon, Ciujungkulon, Cibunar, Tanjung Layar, and Ciramea. Exploring the woods, exploring rivers, paddock grazing animals, waterfalls and nesting places.Handeuleum Island, Cigenter, Cihandeuleum. Observation of wildlife (bison, wild boar, deer, traces of the Javan rhinoceros and various types of birds), exploring rivers and mangrove forest.Panaitan Island, and Mount Raksa. Diving, surfing, tourism and culture / history.The best visiting season: April / September.

How to reach:Jakarta - Serang (1 1/2 hours via toll road), Serang - Pandeglang - Labuan (1 1/2 hours) or Jakarta - Cilegon (2 hours via toll road), Cilegon - Labuan (1 hour) or Bogor - Rangkasbitung - Pandeglang - Labuan (4 hours).
Labuan - Well (2 hours), well - Peucang (1 hour by speed boat) or Labuan - Peucang (4 hours by speed boat).

Stated Minister of Agriculture, 1980Appointed Minister of Forestry Decree No. 284 / Kpts-II / 92,122 956 hectare areadefined -Placemark Pandeglang district, Banten ProvinceTemperature 25 ° - 30 ° CThe average rainfall is 3,200 mm / yearAltitude 0 - 608meter aslThe geographical position of 6 ° 30 '- 6 ° 52' latitude, 102 ° 02 '- 105 ° 37' E